The Future use of IT at Borders

The use of Information technology will develop in the future and border security will continue to use some of the new advances depending on the cost and usefulness of new devices or technologies. Future usage also relies heavily on political support as well as challenges to the law.

What kind of technology will be used by border security?

A few predictions that have either been used already unsuccessfully or have been proposed include the use of drones, biometric testing, and video which can be matched to faces online.

Drones have been used in Afghanistan and Iraq for surveillance and to attack heavily guarded areas. They have been controversial due to mistakes that have been made in gathering surveillance as well as accidents involving civilians. The surveillance capabilities have caught the attention of border security as they work in very inaccessible places.

  • Biometrics

Biometrics technology is already in place at many airports all over the world and there have been attempts at using both facial and fingerprint recognition. The argument is that passport checks are time-consuming and that facial recognition could cut down on the need for staff and physical checks. However, the technology is controversial and it has ethical implications. For example, does the government really have the right to use people’s personal information without their consent? There are also security concerns particularly if this information is hacked.

  • Video Technology

One technology of particular concern is video technology matching. It can capture someone on camera and then use that technology relatively quickly to match them with images of the person online. This would help border security to identify people trying to enter areas without the right visa or for finding smugglers, criminals, and terrorists.

The future is always uncertain and the controversial nature of border security makes the use of new technology even more uncertain. However, the airports and borders of the future may be unrecognizable in 20 years’ time.