Border Security Technology

The newly developed technology is not easy to implement because of the controversial and political nature of border enforcement. New technology is often debated and even when the new technology is implemented, it faces scrutiny and a testing phase as well as budgetary issues.

An example of this is the biometric identification technology. The technology is only effective as the people that use it and ease of use in difficult terrain.

What Kind of Technology is Used by Border Security?

The technology used on land usually includes seismic and magnetic sensors to detect people or vehicles crossing the border. Sensors are limited by the alarms that they give off and border security often attends to animals or other natural occurrences that have set the alarms off.

Fences have newly developed cameras with instant feeds that can be viewed quickly. Recordings can be played back instantly. Patrols often use infrared technology that can see up to a mile away. The camera only covers around 5% of the border and is costly making its use strategic rather than being used everywhere.

The technology along border areas often uses cameras linked to global positioning satellites (GPS) and geographic information systems (GIS) in an integrated system. Large floodlighting is also used at certain parts of border areas.

Tethered aerostat radar systems (TARS) are like blimps and are used mostly to look for planes in airspace and illegal traffic in some countries.

Border security uses all kinds of other detection devices such as night vision goggles and employees often carry Personal Radiation Detectors (PRD). Bigger radiation devices are used at airports and ports as well as x-ray machines. They check people as well as commercial cargo.

Border Security makes use of all kinds of technology and continues to develop. The technology exists on land, fences and in the air but is still often sparingly used in some places or underutilized because of budgets and the location of some areas.