Border Security During War

Modern border security features static borders that are guarded under strict laws and supervision by the government, media and the public. Even dangerous areas like Kashmir or the border areas between Afghanistan and India only ever see temporary conflict. However, what happens during a war when there are no borders or borders change dramatically? What are the security issues and how does the ruler of an area deal with those issues?

Border Security during WWII

During WWII, there was a constant shift in the geopolitical context of the whole continent and this made the job of keeping borders and land secure more demanding. All countries were supposed to observe International Law when dealing with soldiers and civilians. For example, people not fighting were supposed to be protected under the Geneva Convention which ensured they were not harmed. The reality was different when the land conflict was happening. People were often deported, their goods were stolen, interrogations were common and people were confined when entering new areas.

Guards at the borders were armed and ready for conflict at any moment and were usually specially trained in military conflict as was required at the time. For example, Soviet, German and Allied border guards, were still under military orders to shoot on command in some cases despite the Geneva Convention. Toward the end of the war, it was well known among troops and higher military that border protection and the movement of populations was under tight military control in the border area and the Geneva Convention was loosely applied.

Border security changes depending on the times and how much conflict they are surrounded by. The laws and protocols that we see at borders are usually applied lawfully and if not are under tight scrutiny but war changes the necessity for protecting people despite the laws that are in place.